Industrial giant Kohler & Campbell was one of the most widely known piano companies of the 20th Century. Established in 1894 by Charles Kohler and John Calvin Campbell, the firm ultimately took control of literally dozens of piano firms and manufacturers during its amazing history. Nearly all well-known manufacturers in early 20th Century American had some relationship to Kohler & Campbell. During the pre-depression era, the Standard Pneumatic Action Company, a subsidiary of Kohler & Campbell, was building an amazing 50,000 player piano actions annually for piano manufacturers all over the world! American production of Kohler & Campbell ceased in about 1985. Today, Kohler & Campbell is owned and manufactured by Samick in South Korea.