H.C. Bay was one of the largest makers of player pianos in Chicago during the Pre-Depression era. Established in 1909, H.C. Bay quickly earned a reputation for good quality, simply designed, and affordable player pianos. In 1917, H.C. Bay built a new, state-of-the-art factory in Bluffton, Indiana. They produced pianos under the names of H.C. Bay, Solo Concerto, Drachmann, Meldorf, Vollmer, and Bellman. H.C. Bay was known to use very elaborate woods and finishes on their pianos, making their beauty and affordability very attractive in the marketplace. Along with their more affordable instruments, H.C. Bay built a limited line of higher end, ornately carved art-case pianos in various furniture styles. These higher-end instruments are exceedingly rare today. H.C. Bay went out of business in 1928, with most of their assets assumed by the Estey Piano Company.
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Early 20th Century sales brochure illustrating several models of the H.C. Bay player piano, circa 1917